The ancient cities all over the world drag our attention to the ancient, rich and historical civilizations long years ago even if they are totally ruined. However these places make us feel the ancient cultures, life, knowledge and values too.
The ruins of the ancient Kingdoms surprise us everyday. They are incomparable with what humans have created over a thousand years.
This significant underground city in the Cappadocia region was found recently. It’s believed that this city is one of the largest in the world. This is located near the Nevşehir fortress. The age of this is dated back to 5000 years.
Cappadocia region and Nevşehir are known as the home of a magnificent collection of the underground villages and towns.
This city was discovered by the workers who were working in constructing 1500 buildings on the top of this. The discovery of the city made the excavation works begin.
This large city consisted of wineries, kitchens, staircases, cellars, stables, chapels and bezirhane or linseed presses which were used to make lamp oil to light up the city.
The city complex is very strikingly built with many air shafts and water channels. Most of the investigators say that these cities are built for safety during a threat.
The large doors made of stone can be closed from inside as well as the floors could be closed separately.
Özcan Çakır, a professor in the Geophysics Engineering department at Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University near Gallipoli, and one among the experts engaged in excavating the process, believes that this city was used to transport and store food.
“We believe that people who were engaged in agriculture were using the tunnels to carry agricultural products to the city. We also estimate that one of the tunnels passes under Nevşehir and reaches a faraway water source.”
The city is believed to be built in the 8th-7th centuries B.C. and it may have been enlarged in the Byzantine era. The city was used as a refugee settlement during the Persian Achaemenid empire. Some doubts that it was even built by Persians.
The real size of the city is not yet estimated. The results of the systematic survey of a 4-kilometer area conducted by a team of Nevşehir University geophysicists show that it is nearly five million square feet (460,000 square meters), and 113 meters deep, which would make this discovery extremely important, as the city might be the biggest in the world.
This city is a great mystery which was built 5000 years ago.
Nevşehir mayor Hasan Ünver said that “this new discovery will be added as a new pearl, a new diamond, a new gold” to Cappadocia’s riches. He thinks to build the largest antique park of the world here with boutique hotels and art galleries aboveground, and walking trails and a museum underground.
“We even plan to reopen the underground churches. All of this makes us very excited.”
Watch the following video to get an idea of the area and the underground caves.