As we all know the present situation of the world leads us into a tragic ending. All the people are terrified due to the corona outbreak which keeps taking its death toll to a high level. Everyone including you and me are waiting for the recent news on this weird state.
However the first reported case of Covid-19 was over three months ago. This outbreak has caused death for thousands of people by now. The coronavirus has resulted in locking down some cities too.
This is the trending subject which is in conversation nowadays. People around the world keep strolling on the internet browsing the ways to get prevented from the virus.
Last month, President Donald Trump announced that the virus will go away as warmer temps arise during the month of April. But the experts of the Health sector didn’t assure his announcement. Instead they claimed that the virus would sometimes spread without ceasing. They said that sometimes it will keep spreading infecting people during summer.
Even though we don’t have any evidence to prove that coronaviruses will be destroyed when exposed to the sun, there is evidence to prove that these viruses don’t like heat.
Dr. Richard Hobday, an independent researcher in the fields of infection control, public health, and building design believes that exposing for sun might help to control the critical condition. He claims this considering the experiences of the greatest pandemic in recorded history. This infection affected about one-third of the world’s entire population.
It was a respiratory tract infection too. But it was named the Spanish flu, as the infection was reported in Spanish newspapers at first. He also explains the reasons for the viruses to be inactive during the summer. He says that all these factors including sunlight, fresh air, and improvised face masks would help us to avoid the virus just like they were a century ago.
The virus infection in 1918 too spreaded in the same way. Therefore the governments around the globe took steps to place quarantine campaigns and to avoid public gathering as well. People were announced to stay isolated. They used different techniques to treat the patients and the investigations revealed that the ones who were treated outdoors recovered faster than the patients who were treated indoors.
He also writes that the deaths among patients and infections among medical staff were prevented and maintained by combining fresh air and sunlight. He also adds that using sunlight is scientifically proved in the process.
And also he explains that outdoor air is a natural disinfectant. He says that it can kill harmful germs and flu. He explains that outdoor air acts as a natural disinfectant along with sunlight.
Do you know the places which had the worst effects of the infection? They were the military barracks and troop-ships. The soldiers and the sailors were at a high risk to get caught with the virus. The main reason for the widespread flu was the repatriation of troops.
The patients those days died from pneumonia and other complications as in the same way in Covid-19.
The medical officer of an emergency hospital in the city of Boston realized that the cause for the seriously ill sailors was the experience of bad ventilation. So he made a decision to keep these sailors outside in tents. The critical patients were exposed to the sunlight at good weather conditions.
Those days the open-air therapy was used on tuberculosis patients and casualties from the Western Front. This therapy was very popular among the hospitals until it was replaced with antibiotics in 1950’s. The investigation reports reveal that the open air therapy reduced death from 40% to 14% at the hospitals in Boston.
Hobday at first explains that the patients have a less probability to get germs outdoors when compared with the hospital wards. He says that the clean and fresh air creates a sterile surrounding.
As mentioned at the beginning, the Ministry of Defense scientists proved that fresh air can be used as a natural disinfectant in the 1960’s.
The ministry found that the Open Air Factor in fresh air kills airborne bacteria. It’s said that this air kills the flu more efficiently.
And also they got to know that these disinfecting powers can be preserved and maintained inside as well. In order to do that the room must be kept ventilated properly.
Although the open air treatment was found it was replaced by the antibiotics. Therefore fresh air treatment was not used in controlling the infection and designing hospitals.
Hobday further said:
“Putting infected patients out in the sun may have helped because it inactivates the influenza virus. It also kills bacteria that cause lung and other infections in hospitals.
During the First World War, military surgeons routinely used sunlight to heal infected wounds. They knew it was a disinfectant. What they didn’t know is that one advantage of placing patients outside in the sun is they can synthesize vitamin D in their skin if sunlight is strong enough.
This was not discovered until the 1920s. Low vitamin D levels are now linked to respiratory infections and may increase susceptibility to influenza.
Also, our body’s biological rhythms appear to influence how we resist infections. New research suggests they can alter our inflammatory response to the flu virus. As with vitamin D, at the time of the 1918 pandemic, the important part played by sunlight in synchronizing these rhythms was not known.”
The surgical masks were worn starting from a century ago. But these surgical masks don’t seal and cover the whole face. It only gives a partial protection and is unable to filter some of the airborne particles.
Therefore the employees in the Boston hospital made improvised facial masks using five layers of gauze. The mask approximately fitted the face and it prevented the filter from touching the mouth and the nostrils. The masks were replaced every two hours.
And also the hospital staff maintained a high level of personal and environmental hygiene.
One other main cause for a low number of deaths and infections was the fast speed of building up the open air hospitals.
Therefore, Hobday concluded saying:
“Today, many countries are not prepared for a severe influenza pandemic. Their health services will be overwhelmed if there is one. Vaccines and antiviral drugs might help. Antibiotics may be effective for pneumonia and other complications. But much of the world’s population will not have access to them.
If another 1918 comes, or the Covid-19 crisis gets worse, history suggests it might be prudent to have tents and pre-fabricated wards ready to deal with large numbers of seriously ill cases. Plenty of fresh air and a little sunlight might help too.”